|22nd Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry|
New York state flag
|Active||June 6, 1861 to June 19, 1863|
|Engagements||Battle of Gainesville|
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of South Mountain
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
History[edit | edit source]
The regiment was formed with 800 men in 1861 and was placed in a brigade along with the 24th New York, 30th New York, 84th New York (14th Brooklyn) (also known as the 14th New York State Militia), and for a number of months, the 2nd United States Sharpshooters (a battalion under the respected Colonel Henry A.V. Post). The brigade was the First Brigade in the First Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and Colonel Walter Phelps and the regiments of the brigade referred to themselves as the Iron Brigade of the East and served with the Division's more famous Fourth Brigade which would earn the title "Iron Brigade of the West" in September 1862 during Battle of South Mountain in the Maryland Campaign.
Colonel Walter Phelps was chosen as the original commander of the regiment, and after his promotion to brigade commander, Major John McKie became regimental commander. The regiment suffered its first fatality when passing through Baltimore, when a man was killed by friendly fire during confusion among a mob. It would go on to serve in the Army of the Potomac's I Corps and III Corps, and fight at the battles of Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville.
Casualties[edit | edit source]
Casualties during the course of the war were as follows:
- Killed in action: 11 officers, 61 enlisted
- Died of disease: 1 officer, 27 enlisted
- Died as POW: 1 enlisted
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- *New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center - Civil War - 22nd Infantry Regiment History, photographs, table of battles and casualties, and historical sketch for the 22nd New York Infantry Regiment.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Cunningham, Roger. '"Always a Storm Centre:" The Trials and Tribulations of Lt. Col. Asa Bird Gardiner.' The Journal of America's Military Past. (Fall, 2006) 5-28.
- Higley, Albert E. and Joan F. Aldous. The Civil War letters of Albert E. Higley. J.F. Aldous: 1986.
- McCoy, James. "Extracts from journal of Captain . . . Twenty-second regiment, New York state volunteers." In Fifth annual report of the New York state Bureau of military statistics, 1868, p. 544-59.
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