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36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment
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Ohio flag
Active July 30, 1862 to July 27, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Equipment Rifled muskets
Engagements American Civil War

The 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment (or 36th OVI) was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Recruited from several counties in southeastern Ohio, the 36th OVI participated in several battles in the Eastern Theater before being transferred for a period to the Western Theater. In 1864, it returned to the East and participated in the Valley Campaigns of 1864.

Service[]

The 36th Ohio was raised at Marietta, Ohio, between July 30 and August 31, 1861. After training and drilling, the new regiment moved to Summerville in what us now West Virginia, on September 10. It initially served in the forces under George B. McClellan, and then engaged in several raids and operations in the region until August 1862, when it moved into the defenses of Washington, D.C.. Shortly thereafter, the 36th participated in the Northern Virginia Campaign and fought in the Second Battle of Bull Run. During the subsequent Maryland Campaign, the 36th, as part of the Army of the Potomac, attacked Confederate forces on South Mountain and then took part in the Battle of Antietam on September 17.

In 1863, the regiment moved to Eastern Tennessee and participated in several actions, including the Battle of Hoover's Gap and smalelr engagements near the Cumberland Gap. It then fought at Chickamauga in northern Georgia in September. It also was in action during the Chattanooga Campaign.

When the regiment's term of enlistment expired late in the year, the men voted to re-enlist in January 1864. They were part of Crook's Expedition against the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad in early May and fought in the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain on May 9 and in other smaller engagements in the region, as well as participating in many of the battles of the Valley Campaigns of 1864, including the Battle of Opequon near Winchester, Virginia.[1]

The regiment was mustered out on July 27, 1865.

The 36th Ohio suffered 4 officers and 136 enlisted men killed in battle or died from wounds, and 163 enlisted men dead from disease, for a total of 303 fatalities.[2]

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