Alfred Eliab Buck (February 7, 1832 – December 4, 1902) was a U.S. Representative from Alabama.
Born in Foxcroft, Maine, Buck was graduated from Waterville College (now Colby College) in 1859. During the Civil War he entered the Union Army as captain of Company C, Thirteenth Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry. He was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Ninety-first United States Colored Troops in August 1863, was transferred to the Fifty-first United States Colored Troops in October 1864, and was made brevetted colonel of Volunteers for gallant conduct. He was mustered out of the service at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in June 1866. He then served as delegate to the constitutional convention of Alabama in 1867, and as clerk of the circuit court of Mobile County in 1867 and 1868.
Buck was elected as a Republican to the Forty-first Congress (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1871). He was appointed president of the city council of Mobile in 1873. He served as clerk of the United States circuit and district courts in Atlanta, Georgia from 1874 to 1889. He was United States marshal for the northern district of Georgia 1889-1893. He was appointed Minister to Japan by President William McKinley in April 1897 and served until his death in Tokyo, Japan, on December 4, 1902. He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery.
- Alfred Eliab Buck at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-02-14
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