Wright was born in Wrightsboro, Georgia and attended public school in Appling. He attended Franklin College (now known as the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences), the founding school of the University of Georgia in Athens where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society and the Litchfield Law School in Connecticut. Wright was admitted to the Georgia state bar in 1835 and became a practicing attorney in Crawfordville, Georgia, that same year. From 1842 until 1849, Wright served as judge of the superior courts of the Cherokee circuit.
In 1856, Wright was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and served one term. He later served as a delegate to the Georgia Secession Convention and the Confederate Secession Convention.
President Abraham Lincoln offered Wright the position of provisional governor and Wright declined. Wright subsequently served in the First Confederate Congress. "Wright’s Legion," organized by Wright, served in the 38th Georgia Infantry of the Confederate States Army and Wright served as its first colonel.
After the war, Wright served as a member of the Georgia constitutional convention in 1877. He died in 1891 at his home near Rome, Georgia, and was buried in that city's Myrtle Hill Cemetery.
- Augustus Romaldus Wright at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-09-28
- The Civil War in Georgia:Georgia 38th Infantry Regiment
! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States House of Representatives
|- style="text-align: center;"
|width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
John H. Lumpkin |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|U.S. Representative of Georgia's 5th Congressional District
March 4, 1857–March 3, 1859 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
John W. H. Underwood |- |}
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de:Augustus Romaldus Wright