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Battle of Day's Gap
Part of the American Civil War (Streight's Raid)
300px
Map of locations involved in Streight's Raid.
Date April 30, 1863 (1863-04-30)
Location Cullman County, Alabama
Result Union victory in this first battle, but the raid ultimately failed and the Union force surrendered.
Belligerents
22x20px United States (Union) 22x20px CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
Abel Streight Nathan Bedford Forrest
Strength
5 regiments (1,500 men) 3 regiments
Casualties and losses
23 men 65 men

The Battle of Day's Gap, fought on April 30, 1863, was the first in a series of American Civil War skirmishes in Cullman County, Alabama, that lasted until May 2, known as Streight's Raid. Commanding the Union forces was Col. Abel Streight; Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led the Confederate forces.

Background[]

The goal of Streight's raid was to cut off the Western & Atlantic Railroad, which supplied General Braxton Bragg's Confederate army in Middle Tennessee. Starting in Nashville, Tennessee, Streight and his men first traveled to Eastport, Mississippi, and then eastward to Tuscumbia, Alabama. On April 26, 1863, Streight left Tuscumbia and marched southeastward. Streight's initial movements were screened by Union Brig. Gen. Grenville Dodge's troops.

Battle[]

On April 30 at Day's Gap on Sand Mountain, Forrest caught up with Streight's expedition and attacked his rear guard. Streight's men managed to repulse this attack and as a result they continued their march to avoid any further delays and envelopments caused by the Confederate troops.

Aftermath[]

This battle set off a chain of skirmishes and engagements at Crooked Creek (April 30), Hog Mountain (April 30), Blountsville (May 1), Black Creek/Gadsden (May 2), and Blount's Plantation (May 2). Finally, on May 3, Forrest surrounded Streight's exhausted men three miles east of Cedar Bluff, Alabama, and forced their surrender. They were sent to Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia. Streight and some of his men escaped on February 9, 1864.[1]

Chronology of events of Streight's Raid in 1863[]

  • Nashville, Tennessee (April 7-10) — proceeded by river
  • Palmyra, Tennessee (April 11-13) — proceeded on foot
  • Yellow Creek, Tennessee (April 13-14) — proceeded on foot
  • Fort Henry, Tennessee (April 15-17) — proceeded by river
  • Eastport, Mississippi (April 19-21) — proceeded either by foot or river
  • Bear Creek/River, Mississippi (April 22) — proceeded on foot the rest of the way
  • Tuscumbia, Alabama (April 24-26)
  • Mount Hope, Alabama (April 27-28)
  • Moulton, Alabama (April 28)
  • Day's Gap, Alabama (April 29-30)
  • Battle of Day's Gap (April 30)
  • Skirmish at Crooked Creek (April 30)
  • Skirmish at Hog Mountain (April 30)
  • Arrival at Blountsville (May 1)
  • Skirmishes at Blountsville (May 1)
  • Skirmishes at the East Branch of the Black Warrior River (May 1)
  • Skirmishes at the crossing of Black Creek, near Gadsden (May 2)
  • Damaged ammunition while crossing Will's Creek, near Gadsden (May 2)
  • Gadsden, Alabama (May 2)
  • Blount's plantation, about 15 miles from Gadsden (May 2)
  • Skirmishes at/near Blount's Plantation, Cherokee County (May 2-3)
  • Centre, Alabama (May 3)
  • Cedar Bluff, Alabama (May 3)
  • Surrender to Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest, 3 miles east of Cedar Bluff, Alabama (May 3)
  • Taken to Richmond, Virginia, as prisoners of war

Union order of battle[]

The following regiments participated in Streight's Raid:

  • 80th Illinois Infantry
  • 51st Indiana Infantry
  • 73rd Indiana Infantry
  • 3rd Ohio Infantry
  • 1st Middle Tennessee Cavalry (2 companies)

See also[]

References[]

Notes[]

  1. Eicher, p. 449.

External links[]

ca:Batalla de Day's Gap es:Batalla de Day's Gap

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