Clinton B. Fisk
[[Image:220px|center|200px|border]]'
Personal Information
Born: December 8, 1828(1828-12-08)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: July 9, 1890 (aged 61)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname:
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Union
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brigadier General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit:
Commands: District of Southeast Missouri / Department of North Missouri
Battles:
Awards:
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}


Clinton Bowen Fisk (December 8, 1828 – July 9, 1890), for whom Fisk University is named, was a senior officer during Reconstruction in the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. He endowed Fisk University with $30,000.[1] In addition, he helped establish the first free public schools in the South for white and African-American children.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Fisk was born in York, Livingston County, New York, the son of Benjamin and Lydia Fisk.[1] As part of the 19th-century westward migration, his family soon moved to Coldwater, Michigan.[2] Educated at the academy in Albion (now Albion College), Fisk became a merchant, miller, and banker in Coldwater. He suffered financial disaster in the Panic of 1857. He moved to St. Louis, Missouri where he started working in the insurance business.

Civil War[edit | edit source]

An abolitionist, Fisk was appointed colonel of the 33rd Missouri Infantry of the Union Army on September 5, 1862. He organized a brigade and was commissioned brigadier general November 24, 1862.[3] He served most of the American Civil War in Missouri and Arkansas, commanding first the District of Southeast Missouri and later the Department of North Missouri. The primary duty of these commands was opposing raids into Missouri by Confederate States of America cavalry and guerrillas.

Freedmen's Bureau and Fisk University[edit | edit source]

After the Civil War, Fisk was appointed assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau for Kentucky and Tennessee.[4] He worked through the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands and the American Missionary Association to establish the first free schools in the Southern United States for both African-American and white children.

He made the abandoned barracks in Nashville, Tennessee available to the American Missionary Association for the creation of the Fisk School, and endowed it with a total of $30,000.[1][4]

Prohibition Party[edit | edit source]

After authorizing legislation expired for the Freedmen's Bureau, Fisk returned to his native New York. He became successful in banking. In 1874 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him to the Board of Indian Commissioners.[4]

Fisk was a leader in the temperance movement and became the presidential candidate for the Prohibition Party in the United States presidential election, 1888. He came in third with 249,506 votes. The election was won by Benjamin Harrison of the Republican Party. Fisk was also surpassed by the incumbent President of the United States Grover Cleveland of the Democratic Party. But, Fisk did receive one of the highest results of any Prohibition Party candidate in history. The Party has run candidates in every presidential election since the United States presidential election, 1872.

Fisk died in New York City on July 9, 1890, and was buried in Coldwater, Michigan.[4]

Legacy and honors[edit | edit source]

  • Fisk University was named after him; his work and funds contributed to education for generations of young people.
  • In 2001 he was the first to be inducted into the new Hillsdale County, Michigan Veterans' Hall of Fame, for his distinguished service in the American Civil War. (Hall of Fame inductee 001, Civil War inductee 001.)
  • Temperance Park, a planned community on Staten Island, New York, named one of its major streets Clinton B. Fisk Avenue in his honor. The name remains, although the community changed its name to Westerleigh.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Reavis L. Mitchell, Jr., "Clinton Bowen Fisk", The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 1998, accessed 3 Mar 2009
  2. Warner, Ezra J, Generals in Blue, LSU Press, 1964, p. 154
  3. Warner, Ezra J, "Generals in Blue", LSU Press, 1964, p. 154
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Warner, Ezra J, "Generals in Blue", LSU Press, 1964, p. 155

Additional reading[edit | edit source]

  • Alphonso A. Hopkins, The Life of Clinton Bowen Fisk (1882)
  • Reavis L. Mitchell Jr., Fisk University Since 1866: Thy Loyal Children Make Their Way (1995).

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Start box Template:S-ppo |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
John St. John |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Prohibition Party presidential nominee
1888 (lost) |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
John Bidwell |- |}

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.