Biography[edit | edit source]
Born in Ohio, McDougal was appointed as a midshipman on April 1, 1828. During the next three decades, he served in the Mediterranean, West Indian, and Home Squadrons as well as on the Great Lakes in Michigan. He commanded Warren (1854‑56), John Hancock (1856), and Wyoming (1862‑64) on which he cruised in the Far East protecting American merchant ships from pirates and Confederate raiders.
On July 16, 1863, in the Naval battle of Shimonoseki, Wyoming boldly entered the Straits of Shimonoseki to engage shore batteries and three ships of Prince Mori, clan chieftain of the Chōshū. During an hour’s brisk action, McDougal sank two ships and heavily damaged another, then pounded enemy shore guns. On December 23, 1869, McDougal assumed command of the South Pacific Squadron.
Namesakes[edit | edit source]
Two ships have been named USS McDougal for him.