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David McDougal, photographed circa 1860.

David Stockton McDougal (September 27, 1809 – August 7, 1882) was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War most noted for his leadership during a naval battle off of Japan.


Born in Ohio, McDougal was appointed as a midshipman on April 1, 1828. During the next three decades, he served in the Mediterranean, West Indian, and Home Squadrons as well as on the Great Lakes in Michigan. He commanded Warren (1854‑56), John Hancock (1856), and Wyoming (1862‑64) on which he cruised in the Far East protecting American merchant ships from pirates and Confederate raiders.

On July 16, 1863, in the Naval battle of Shimonoseki, Wyoming boldly entered the Straits of Shimonoseki to engage shore batteries and three ships of Prince Mori, clan chieftain of the Chōshū. During an hour’s brisk action, McDougal sank two ships and heavily damaged another, then pounded enemy shore guns. On December 23, 1869, McDougal assumed command of the South Pacific Squadron.

He was placed on the retired list September 27, 1871, and appointed rear admiral on August 24, 1873. He died at San Francisco, California.


Two ships have been named USS McDougal for him.

See also[]

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This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

External links[]

fr:David McDougal ja:デビッド・マクドゥガル