DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn
[[Image:150px|center|200px|border]]Dewitt Clinton Littlejohn
Personal Information
Born: February 7, 1818(1818-02-07)
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Died: October 27, 1892 (aged 74)
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Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Union
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Branch: Union Army
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Rank: Brigadier General
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Battles: American Civil War
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DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn (February 7, 1818 Bridgewater, Oneida County - October 27, 1892 Oswego, Oswego County, New York) was a brevet brigadier general in the Union Army and a United States Representative from New York during the Civil War.

Biography[edit | edit source]

He initially pursued an academic course. Deciding to not complete college, he instead engaged in several profitable mercantile pursuits, acting for a time as a forwarder of fresh produce on the lakes and canals of the region. He later engaged in the manufacture of flour at Oswego, New York.

He served as Mayor of Oswego in 1849 and 1850. He was a member of the New York State Assembly from 1853 to 1855, in 1857, from 1859 to 1861, in 1866, 1867, 1870, 1871 and 1884. He was Speaker in 1855, 1857, and from 1859 to 1861, and was the chief lieutenant of political boss Thurlow Weed.

In early 1861, Littlejohn was influential in the backroom politics to select Ira Harris over Horace Greeley as the Republican Party's nominee to run for the U.S. Senate to replace William H. Seward, who had resigned to join President Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet. In September, Littlejohn unsuccessfully sued Greeley and the New York Tribune for libel. With the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Littlejohn worked actively to recruit troops in the Oswego area.

Littlejohn used his political connections in July 1862 to secure a commission as Colonel of the 110th New York Volunteer Infantry, a regiment he helped raise through his personal efforts. He trained his troops at Camp Patterson near Baltimore, Maryland, where it was stationed until November, when it was ordered to Federal-occupied New Orleans, Louisiana.

Returning to politics, he successfully campaigned for the United States House of Representatives. He was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth United States Congress. He resigned from the army on February 3, 1863, and served in Congress from March 4, 1863, to March 3, 1865. During that term, he was Chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions. Littlejohn was not a candidate for renomination in 1864, and was brevetted Brigadier General of Volunteers on March 13, 1865.

He moved his residence to Buffalo, New York until 1867, when he moved back to Oswego. Littlejohn wanted to afford Oswego the growth possible by a rail connection to a major port. In 1868, he organized and served as president of the New York and Oswego Midland Railroad (NY&OM), a route traversing much of New York State on its way to New York City.[1] He also established a steamboat service connecting Long Island to his new railroad.

In 1870 the Republican state convention nominated Littlejohn for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the ticket with Stewart L. Woodford, but he declined to run.

Fed up with the corruption of the Grant Administration, in 1872 Littlejohn joined the Liberal Republican Party and supported the candidacy of Horace Greeley for president in 1872, having set aside his previous legal issues with Greeley. He then became a Democrat, was a delegate to several Democratic state conventions, and was an ally of Samuel J. Tilden.

He died in Oswego, and was buried at the Riverside Cemetery.

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Template:Start box Template:S-off |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Robert H. Pruyn |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1855 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Orville Robinson |- |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Orville Robinson |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1857 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Thomas G. Alvord |- |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Thomas G. Alvord |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1859 - 1861 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Henry Jarvis Raymond |- |}

Template:SpeakerNYAssembly Template:USRepSuccessionBoxNeeded

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