Template:Infobox Architect

File:FrenchProtestantChurch.jpg

Huguenot Church, Charleston, South Carolina

Edward Brickell White, also known as E. B. White, was an American architect. He was known for his Gothic Revival architecture and his use of Roman and Greek designs.[1]

Life[edit | edit source]

Edward Brickell White was born on January 29, 1806 on the Chapel Hill Plantation of St. John's Berkeley Parish, South Carolina. His father was the planter and artist, John Blake White, and his mother was Elizabeth Allston White.[1]

In 1826, he graduated from the United States Military Academy where he studied engineering. He was an artillery office in the U.S. Army. On April 8, 1832, he married Delia Adams in New London, Connecticut. In 1836, he returned to civilian life. He surveyed for several railroads. In 1836, he moved to Charleston, South Carolina to practice architecture, engineering, and surveying.[1]

His first major work was the Greek Revival Market Hall,[2] which is a National Historic Landmark (NHL) in Charleston. The Greek Revival Robert William Roper House[3] (NHL) in Charleston is attributed to him.

He was the architect of many churches including the Gothic Revival Huguenot Church[4] (NHL) in Charleston; the Gothic Revival Trinity Episcopal Church[5] in Columbia, which is on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP); the wooden Gothic Revival Church of the Cross[6] (NRHP) in Bluffton; and the steeple of St. Philip's Episcopal Church[7] (NHL) in Charleston.[1]

The 21 ft (6 m) granite Doric granite column for the Daniel Morgan Monument[8] (NRHP) in Spartanburg, South Carolina was one of his projects. He designed the Charleston High School, which is currently a private residence, and the Grace Episcopal Church that are contributing properties to the Charleston Historic District[9] (NHRP). He designed a portico with columns and wings for the main building and Gate Lodge of the College of Charleston[10] (NHL). He design an expansion of a building at South Carolina Military College.[1]

He was the superintending architect for the new Custom House[11] in Charleston, which was designed by Ammi Burnham Young. Construction was halted in 1859 when the US Congress did not appropriate funding to cover cost overruns. A less ambitious design was completed in 1879.[1]

During the Civil War, he served in the Confederate Army. He served at James Island and North Carolina. He rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel.[1]

After the war, finding new projects was difficult in Charleston. He supervised repairs of St. Michael's Episcopal Church in Charleston. He designed a building for Charleston Gas & Light Co.[1]

In 1879, he moved to New York and died on May 10, 1882. He was interred in St. Michael's Episcopal Churchyard in Charleston.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Edgar, Walter (1998). South Carolina: A History. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. pp. 1020–1021. ISBN 1-57003-255-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=EFSbwGk2szgC. 
  2. "Market Hall and Sheds" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1973. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710055/index.htm. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  3. "Robert William Roper House" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1973. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710071/S10817710071.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  4. "Huguenot Church" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1973. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710068/S10817710068.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  5. "Trinity Episcopal Church" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 24 February 1971. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/richland/S10817740012/S10817740012.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  6. "Church of the Cross" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1974. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/beaufort/S10817707022/S10817707022.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  7. "St. Philip's Episcopal Church" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1973. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710072/S10817710072.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  8. "Daniel Morgan Monument" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1980. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/spartanburg/S10817742019/S10817742019.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  9. "Charleston Historic District" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1970. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710004/S10817710004.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  10. "College of Charleston Complex: Main Building, Library and Gate Lodge" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1971. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710044/S10817710044.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 
  11. "U.S. Customhouse" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 1974. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/charleston/S10817710086/S10817710086.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2009. 

de:Edward Brickell White

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.