|This article is an orphan, as few or no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles; suggestions are available. (February 2009)|
Edward Chalmers Leavitt (1842–1904), a native of Providence, Rhode Island, was an early New England painter said to be the most renowned still life painter of his day in Providence, although today he is largely forgotten.
Leavitt was born March 9, 1842, the son of Providence pastor Rev. Jonathan Leavitt and his wife Charlotte Esther (Stearns) Leavitt. Leavitt's father Rev. Jonathan Leavitt, was born at Cornish, New Hampshire, and later settled in the ministry at Bedford, Massachusetts, where he married the daughter of the primary minister Rev. Stearns, and subsequently was ordained minister of Richmond Street Congregational Church in Providence, where he remained for a quarter of a century. Rev. Leavitt's son Edward Chalmers Leavitt, born in Providence, attended private schools in Providence, and Kimball Union Academy in Meredith, New Hampshire. (His only sister Charlotte married Edward Slocum of Providence.)
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, Leavitt enlisted at Boston in the United States Navy with his friend William Warren Flint of Walpole, New Hampshire. During his Navy service, Leavitt frequently practiced his drawing technique.
Little is known of Leavitt's career. Most of his paintings featured tabletop arrangements of flowers, fruit, antiques and vintage bric-a-brac, and were sought after by the Victorian middle class. The oil on canvas paintings often were marked by their sense of texture. During the 1870s and 1880s Leavitt frequently exhibited at the National Academy of Design. But as the new century approached, Leavitt's output and quality declined, and his reputation faded.
There are indications that during his career, Leavitt worked with the gifted Martin Heade.  Leavitt was known to have studied earlier with local artist James Morgan Lewin, a painter of romantic canvases. During his career, Leavitt painted thousands of canvases, turning out his trademark paintings of flowers, fruit and dead fish and game for a hungry middle class anxious for artworks to decorate their newly-acquired homes. At one time, Leavitt's still lifes decorated Boston's esteemed Parker House hotel as well as the Narragansett Hotel in Providence. Leavitt worked at his studio at the Hoppin Homestead Building in Providence.
Among the artists of the day, Leavitt was seen as a solid—if uninspired—craftsman. Painter Charles Walter Stetson, for instance, didn't disguise his contempt for Leavitt's steady output for the upper middle classes, which Stetson saw as influenced by the Fall River school. "Artists! they are not artists," wrote Stetson in a fit of pique. "Leavitt himself said to me 'After all, Mr. Stetson, say what we may, we are only dry goods merchants in another line."
Leavitt's work is in the collection of the Brandywine River Museum, which has called him "Providence, Rhode Island's most successful still life painter of the nineteenth century." Leavitt's work is also in the collection of the Cahoon Museum of American Art in Cotuit, Massachusetts, and in the collection of the Cummer Museum of Art In Jacksonville, Florida.
References[edit | edit source]
- Biographical Record of the Alumni of Amherst College, 1821-1871, William Lewis Montague, Edward Payson Crowell, Walter Stanley Biscoe, Amherst, Mass., 1883
- Stearns Genealogy and Memoirs, Avis Stearns Van Wagenen, Courier Printing Company, Syracuse, N.Y., 1901
- New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of Commonwealths and the Founding of a Nation, Vol. II, ed. by William Richard Cutter, Lewis historical publishing company, 1915
- The Life and Work of Martin Johnson Heade: A Critical Analysis and Catalogue Raisonné. Theodore E. Stebbins, Janet L. Comey, Martin Johnson Heade, Karen E. Quinn, Yale University Press, 2000, ISBN 0300081839, 9780300081831
- Charles Walter Stetson: Color and Fantasy, Charles C. Eldredge, Charles Walter Stetson, Helen Foresman, El Paso Museum of Art, California State University, Long Beach Art Museum and Galleries, Published by Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, 1982
- Catalogue of the Collection, 1969-1989, Brandywine River Museum, Published by Brandywine Conservancy, 1991
[edit | edit source]
- Still Life with Fish, Edward Chalmers Leavitt, 1886, oil on canvas, Collection of the United States Federal Reserve Bank
- Still Life with Pineapple, Edward Chalmers Leavitt, oil on canvas, 1865, christies.com
- Strawberries on a Leaf, Edward Chalmers Leavitt, 1867, oil on canvas, cahoonmuseum.org
- Still Life: Peaches and Grapes, Edward Chalmers Leavitt, 1884, oil on canvas, Cummer Museum, flickr.com