|This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. (April 2008)|
Francis Murphy (1836–1907) was an American temperance evangelist, born in County Wexford, Ireland. He served in the Federal army during the Civil War. Beginning in 1870 at Portsmouth, N. H., he started temperance reform clubs throughout that state and was their first president. His headquarters were in Pittsburgh, Pa., and after his first address there in 1876, 65,000 people signed the pledge he wrote: "With malice toward none, with charity for all, I hereby pledge my sacred honor that, God helping me, I will abstain from the use of all intoxicating liquors as a beverage, and that I will encourage others to abstain." Source: The New York Times, July 1, 1907, page 7. This is where he adopted the blue ribbon badge, inspired by a line from The Bible.
He labored also in Britain and was a chaplain in the Spanish-American War. In 1900, he went to Honolulu and held a series of meetings. From there he went to Australia, where he obtained a great many more signatures. In 1901 he returned to California to tour there and then established himself in Los Angeles, where he lived the rest of his life.
Talks by Francis Murphy, Lenore H. King (c)1907 Southern California Blue Book Publishing Company
Harper's Encyclopædia of United States History from 458 A.D. to 1902 (c)1901 Harper Bros.
Grappling with the Monster: The Curse and the Cure of Strong Drink by T. S. Arthur (c)2006 Dodo Press
<http://www.picturehistory.com/product/id/19714\> [Picture History]
<http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D0DE1D6163EE033A25752C0A9619C946697D6CF>The New York Times