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George P. Hawkes
Personal Information
Born: March 7, 1824
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Died: September 21, 1903
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Other Information
Allegiance: Union
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Branch: Union Army
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Rank: Bvt. Brigadier General
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Unit: {{{unit}}}
Commands: 21st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
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George Perkins Hawkes (March 7, 1824 – September 21, 1903) was a colonel during the American Civil War. He commanded the 21st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry from April 1863 to July 1864. Seven months after his resignation (due to poor health), he received the honorary rank of brevet brigadier general.

Civil War[]

Shortly after the beginning of the Civil War, Hawkes was commissioned captain of Company A of the 21st Massachusetts on August 21, 1861. He was promoted to major on September 2, 1862, and to lieutenant colonel on December 18, 1862.[1] From July 1862 to March 1863, the 21st Massachusetts was attached to the Army of the Potomac and participated in several of the largest battles of the Civil War, including the Second Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Antietam and the Battle of Fredericksburg.[2] Lt. Col. Hawkes took command of the 21st Massachusetts after the resignation of Col. William Smith Clark in April 1863. By this time, the 21st Massachusetts had been transferred to eastern Kentucky as part of the Army of the Ohio and was primarily engaged in fighting guerillas. In the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside moved the Army of the Ohio into eastern Tennessee and took the city of Knoxville. Confederate forces under the command of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet attempted to drive the Union army out of eastern Tennessee during the Siege of Knoxville. Lt. Col. Hawkes was placed in the role of an acting brigade commander during this campaign and led two regiments.[3] When the 21st was transferred back to the Army of the Potomac in May 1864, Hawkes led the regiment during the Battle of the Wilderness, the Battle of Spotsylvania and the Battle of Bethesda Church. Poor health forced him to resign from the army on July 3, 1864. In recognition of his service, Hawkes received the brevet rank of brigadier general on March 13, 1865.[1]

See also[]

  • 21st Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
  • List of Massachusetts generals in the American Civil War


  1. 1.0 1.1 Walcott, 430.
  2. Walcott, xv
  3. Bowen, 935.


External links[]