Jacob Fawcett was a jurist in the states of Illinois and Nebraska.
Fawcett was born on April 9, 1847 to Joshua and Margaret Fawcett in Benton, Wisconsin. On April 16, 1868 he married Margaret J. Doxey.
Fawcett was County Judge of Jo Daviess County, Illinois from 1886 to 1887. He then served in the district court in Nebraska from 1896 to 1904. From 1908 to 1917, Fawcett was a Justice of the Nebraska Supreme Court, serving as Chief Justice in 1915. Fawcett served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.