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John McArthur
[[Image:150px|center|200px|border]]John McArthur
Personal Information
Born: November 17, 1826(1826-11-17)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: May 15, 1906 (aged 79)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname: {{{nickname}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Union
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brigadier General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit:
Commands:
Battles: American Civil War
Awards:
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}


John McArthur (November 17, 1826 – May 15, 1906) was a Union general during the American Civil War. McArthur became one of the ablest Federal commanders in the Western Theater.[1]

Early life[]

McArthur was born in Erskine, Scotland. He learned to be a blacksmith and emigrated to the United States at age 23 and settled in Chicago. He was the proprietor of the Excelsior Iron Works.[2] He also served in the Chicago Highland Guards militia unit.

Civil War[]

At the outbreak of the Civil War, McArthur was appointed colonel of an Illinois volunteer regiment. Shortly after, he was elevated to command the 1st Brigade in Brig. Gen. William F. "Baldy" Smith's division and saw action at the Battle of Fort Donelson. He was promoted to brigadier general on March 21, 1862, and led the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division of the Army of the Tennessee at the Battle of Shiloh. Members of his brigade wore Scottish caps and were thus nicknamed the "Highland Brigade".[1] McArthur was wounded leading his brigade in a breakout of the Confederate encirclement on the first day of Shiloh. He led his brigade during the following Siege of Corinth[3].

Following the capture of Corinth, McArthur took command of the 6th Division and was ordered to reinforce Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans's Army of Mississippi, stationed at Corinth. On the eve of the battle of Corinth, Brig. Gen. Thomas J. McKean arrived from Saint Louis and due to his rank superseded McArthur in command of the division. Orders were given placing McKean in command of the division but no orders were given to reassign McArthur. Therefore, McArthur was without a command for a brief period but remained close at hand, even helping Colonel John M. Oliver position the pickets for his neighboring brigade.[4] A staff officer at Rosecrans's headquarters remembered McArthur's predicament and a special order was immediately sent out returning McArthur to command of the 1st Brigade, 6th Division, which had recently been commanded by Colonel Benjamin Allen while McArthur was in divisional command.[5]

After Corinth, McArthur returned to command the 6th Division, now part of the XVII Corps. He led it during the siege of Vicksburg and commanded the post at Vicksburg after the Confederate surrender. He was in command of the 1st Division, XVI Corps and was involved in the pursuit of Sterling Price's Missouri Raid. His division was transferred with the rest of the corps to Tennessee, where his troops played a significant role in breaking the Confederate lines the second day of the Battle of Nashville. He received a brevet promotion to major general of volunteers for his actions in that battle.[2] He also led his division into action at the Battle of Fort Blakely.

Postbellum life[]

After the war, he was involved in a number of occupations, including Commissioner of Chicago Public Works during the Chicago Fire, Postmaster General of Chicago, and general manager of the Chicago and Vert Island Stone Company. McArthur died in Chicago, Illinois.

See also[]

32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Daniel, p. 221.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Eicher, p. 370.
  3. Official Report
  4. Cozzens, p. 151.
  5. Cozzens, p. 154.

References[]


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