John Morrison Oliver
Personal Information
Born: September 6, 1828(1828-09-06)
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Died: March 30, 1872 (aged 43)
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Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Union
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Branch: Union Army
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Rank: brevet Major General of Volunteers
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Commands: 15th Michigan Regiment
Battles: American Civil War
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John Morrison Oliver was a Union general during the Civil War. He fought in many of the battles involving the Army of the Tennessee, occasionally commanding a brigade.

Oliver graduated from St. John's College in New York. He moved to Michigan and worked as a pharmacist. When the Civil War began he joined the 4th Michigan Volunteer Infantry as a private. He rose to captain in that regiment before being appointed colonel of the 15th Michigan on March 13, 1865[1]. He led his regiment at Shiloh and commanded the 2nd Brigade, 6th Division during the siege and battle of Corinth. He returned to command the 15th Michigan during the siege of Vicksburg where he was part of the XVI Corps. He commanded the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps but was replaced in command of the brigade before the corps was transferred to Chattanooga so Oliver and his regiment did not participate in the fighting there. He did however join the XV Corps at Chattanooga in preparation for Sherman's campaign against Atlanta, during which time he commanded the 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps. He led his brigade in all the major battles the XV Corps participated in during the Atlanta campaign. He briefly led the 1st Brigade, 4th Division at the battle of Jonesborough. During the March to the Sea, Oliver commanded the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps. His was one of the brigades which assaulted Fort McAllister in December. On January 12, 1865 he was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers[1]. He was at the battle of Bentonville, though his brigade did not see much action. He received a brevet promotion to major general of volunteers on March 13, 1865 and was in command of the 2nd Division, XV Corps at the close of the war. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on August 24, 1865.

Following the Civil War he moved to Arkansas where he practiced law and became the post office superintendent in Little Rock[2].

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Eicher p.409
  2. John Morrison Oliver
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