|Kate Mason Rowland|
Kate Mason Rowland|
June 22, 1840
June 28, 1916 (aged 76)|
United States of America|
Confederate States of America
|Occupation||author, genealogist, historian, biographer, editor, historic preservationist|
Isaac S. Rowland|
Catherine Armistead Mason
|Relatives||great-great-grandniece of George Mason|
Kate Mason Rowland (22 June 1840–28 June 1916) was an American author, historian, genealogist, biographer, editor, and historic preservationist. Rowland is best known for authoring the biography of her great-great-granduncle, George Mason, a Founding Father of the United States. It is widely considered the definitive biography of George Mason. Rowland was also a charter member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. She later went by the name of "Kate Mason."
Early life[edit | edit source]
Kate Mason Rowland and her twin sister, Elizabeth Moir Mason Rowland (died 1905), were born on 22 June 1840 to Major Isaac S. Rowland and his wife, Catherine Armistead Mason. Rowland was a granddaughter of John Thomson Mason and a niece of Stevens Thomson Mason.
American Civil War[edit | edit source]
Rowland volunteered for the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. She served as a nurse at Camp Winder Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. On 4 April 1865, after the Confederate government abandoned Richmond, Rowland, then a matron at the Marine Hospital (also known as the Naval Hospital), sang “patriotic songs” to hospitalized soldiers. She described the scene in her diary as "overflowing with merriment," in which a casual observer would “hardly realize we were all prisoners” of the Union. Both of Rowland's brothers, Thomas Rowland (1842–1874) and John Thomson Mason (1844–1901), served in the Confederate States Army.
Civic and organizational involvement[edit | edit source]
Rowland was a charter member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Rowland found the moniker "War of the Rebellion" for the American Civil War unacceptable. She introduced a resolution at a United Daughters of the Confederacy meeting in November 1899 requiring members to "use every influence, as a body and individually, to expel from the literature of the country and from the daily press, the phrase, 'war of the rebellion,' and to have substituted for it the phrase, 'War Between the States.'" Rowland's resolution went further, instructing members to induce the Federal government to use the preferred term.
In addition to the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Rowland was also an active member of the Virginia Historical Society, the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, and the Confederate Memorial Literary Society. She was an honorary member of the Woman's Literary Club of Baltimore.
List of works[edit | edit source]
Articles[edit | edit source]
- "The family of George III." Harper's Magazine. September 1880.
- "Robert Carter of Virginia." Magazine of American History. 1893.
- "The fortunes of the Bourbons." Harper's Magazine. January 1895.
- "Gunston Hall, Virginia." "The Olympian Magazine" 1903.
- "Robert Carter of Virginia: A Revolutionary Sketch." Taylor-Trotwood Magazine. September 1910.
- "GENERAL JOHN THOMSON MASON: An Early Friend of Texas." Volume 011, Number 3, Southwestern Historical Quarterly Online, Page 163 - 198.
Books[edit | edit source]
- The Virginia Cavaliers. 1886.
- The Life of George Mason, 1725-1792. G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 1892.
- The Maryland Delegates to the Albany Congress. Dixie Publishing Company. 1900.
- The Life of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 1737-1832. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. 2007.
Essays and letters[edit | edit source]
- "Three Papers Written for and Read on the Third Historical Evening - Richmond, Virginia, Thursday, November 9, 1911." 1911.
- "Letters from Kate Mason Rowland to Robert Alonzo Brock, 1883-1892."
Edited books[edit | edit source]
- The Poems of Frank O. Ticknor, M.D.. J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1879.
- The Real Lincoln. Everett Waddey Company. 1901.
- The Journal of Julia Le Grand, New Orleans, 1862-1863. Everett Waddey Co. 1911.
Honors and awards[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Gunston Hall. "Kate Mason Rowland". Gunston Hall. http://www.gunstonhall.org/library/masonweb/p35.htm#i1752. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- arlisherring.com (09 Feb 2008). "Kate Mason Rowland". arlisherring.com. http://arlisherring.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I042319&tree=Herring. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- United Confederate Veterans, Sons of Confederate Veterans (Organization, United Daughters of the Confederacy, Sons of Confederate Veterans, Confederated Southern Memorial Association) (1895). The Confederate Veteran Magazine. Blue and Grey Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=hozjWRqAZtcC.
- William and Mary College (April 1893). "The Ohio Company; William and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 4". William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers. http://files.usgwarchives.net/va/schools/wmmary/quarterly/v01n4/pg197-203.txt. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- Tim Sheehan (1 January 2009). "“Economy Rules the Day:” The Civil War Sacrifices of Judith Walker McGuire". historynut.info. http://historynut.info/economyrules/page21.html. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- Leonard, John William; Albert Nelson Marquis (1903). Who's who in America. Marquis. http://books.google.com/books?id=4nfOl6a6QSkC.
- The Washington Post. "A War Of Words About The Civil War". George Mason University's History News Network. http://hnn.us/roundup/entries/8515.html. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
[edit | edit source]
- Library of Virginia 2010 Virginia Women in History biography with photograph