Kentucky Declaration of Neutrality was the resolution by the Kentucky Legislature declaring the Commonwealth of Kentucky officially neutral in the American Civil War. It was enacted on May 16, 1861 following Governor Beriah Magoffin's refusal of troops to aid the Union the previous month. Magoffin had flatly refused President Abraham Lincoln's call for troops to fight seceded Southern states. The Kentucky Legislature passed the resolution in an effort to prevent Kentucky from seceding and to divert battle from occurring in Kentucky. Kentucky remained neutral until September 1861 after numerous violations of neutrality. The Legislature judged that the Confederacy had especially violated Kentucky's neutrality and thus voted to raise the Union flag above the capitol.
Contents of the Declaration
The contents of Kentucky's Declaration of Neutrality is as follows:
Kentucky House of Representatives - Committee on Federal Relations
Resolution of Neutrality, May 16, 1861
Considering the deplorable condition of the country and for which the State of Kentucky is in no way responsible, and looking to the best means of preserving the internal peace and securing the lives, liberty, and property of the citizens of the State; therefore,
Resolved, by the House of Representatives, that this State and the citizens thereof should take no part in the civil war now being waged, except as mediators and friends to the belligerent parties; and that Kentucky should, during the contest, occupy the position of strict neutrality.
Resolved, that the act of the governor in refusing to furnish troops or military force upon the call of the executive authority of the United States under existing circumstances is approved.
- Johnston, Col. J. Stoddard. Kentucky in Confederate Military History, Vol. 9, ed. Thomas Yoseloff. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1962. 22-23.
- Jack T. Hutchinson, Cincinnati Civil War Round Table. Bluegrass and Mountain Laurel: The Story of Kentucky in the Civil War.
- Kentucky in the Civil War
- History of Kentucky
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