Gartrell was born near Washington, Georgia. He attended Randolph-Macon College, and Franklin College (now known as the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences), the founding school of the University of Georgia in Athens. Gartrell passed the state bar in 1842 and began the practice of law in Washington.
Gartrell served as the solicitor general of the northern judicial circuit from 1843 until 1847 when he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives. He was subsequently elected to the first of two consecutive terms in U.S. House of Representatives in 1856.
He resigned from his second term in 1861 to form the Seventh Regiment of the Georgia Volunteer Infantry in the Conferate army during the Civil War. In 1862, Gartrell was elected to the Confederate Congress and served in that capacity until 1864. In 1864, he was appointed as a brigadier general in the Confederate forces.
After the war, Gartrell served as a member of the State constitutional convention in 1877. He also ran for governor in 1882 but lost to Alexander Stephens. Gartrell died in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1891 and was buried in that city's Oakland Cemetery.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-10-18
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