Template:Infobox Congressman Oliver Lyman Spaulding (August 2, 1833 - July 30, 1922) was a soldier and politician from the U.S. state of Michigan
Spaulding was born in Jaffrey, New Hampshire. He completed preparatory studies, graduated from Oberlin College of Ohio in 1855, and moved to Michigan where he taught school. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1858 and commenced practice in St. Johns, Michigan. He was regent of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor from 1858 to 1864.
During the Civil War, Spaulding served in the Union Army as a captain in the Twenty-third Regiment, Michigan Volunteers and promoted to colonel and then general. He resumed the practice of law in St. Johns.
Spaulding served as Michigan Secretary of State from 1866 to 1870. Afterwards, he became member of the Republican State committee from 1871 to 1878. He declined the position of United States district judge of the Utah Territory in 1871 and later served as special agent of the United States Treasury Department from 1875 to 1881.
Spaulding was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 6th congressional district to the 46th Congress serving from March 4, 1881 to March 3, 1883. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1882. He also served as chairman of the commission sent to the Sandwich Islands to investigate alleged violations of the Hawaiian reciprocity treaty in 1883.
Oliver Spaulding again served as a special agent of the United States Treasury in 1885, 1889, and 1890 and then as Assistant U.S. Secretary of the Treasury from 1890 to 1893 during the Benjamin Harrison administration and 1897 to 1903 during the McKinley administration. He was also president of the first International American Customs Congress, held in New York City in January 1903 and again a special agent of the United States Treasury from 1903 to 1909 and then customs agent from 1909 to 1916.
Oliver L. Spaulding died in Washington, D.C., and is interred in Arlington National Cemetery.
- Oliver L. Spaulding at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-02-15
- The Political Graveyard
- Oliver L. Spaulding at Find a Grave Retrieved on 2008-02-15
! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States House of Representatives
|- style="text-align: center;"
|width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Mark S. Brewer |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|United States Representative for the 6th Congressional District of Michigan
1881 – 1883 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Edwin B. Winans |- |}