Prince Louis-Philippe Albert of Orléans, Count of Paris ( 24 August 1838, Paris – 8 September 1894) was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He became the Prince Royal, heir-apparent to the throne, when his father, Prince Ferdinand-Philippe, died in a carriage accident in 1842.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Although there was some effort during the days after the abdication of his grandfather in 1848 to put him on the throne under the name of Louis-Philippe II, with his mother (Helene of Mecklenburg) as regent, this came to nothing. They fled and the French Second Republic was proclaimed in its stead.
A historian, journalist and outspoken democrat, the Count of Paris volunteered to serve as a Union Army officer in the American Civil War along with his younger brother, the Duke of Chartres. As Captain Philippe d'Orléans, the Count of Paris served on the staff of the commander of the Army of the Potomac under Major General George McClellan for nearly a year. He distinguished himself during the unsuccessful Peninsular Campaign. His history of that war is considered a standard reference work.
Marriage and issue[edit | edit source]
In 1864 he married his paternal first cousin Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans (1848–1919), Infanta of Spain. She was daughter of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain and Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824–1890), the youngest son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily. They had eight children, including:
- Amélie d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1865–1951). She married Carlos I of Portugal in 1886.
- Prince Louis Philippe Robert d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans, Duke of Orléans (1869–1926). Married Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria daughter of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria in 1896,
- Hélène d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1871–1951). She married Emmanuel Philibert, 2nd Duke of Aosta in 1895.
- Charles d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans (1875–1875).
- Isabelle d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1878–1961). She married Prince Jean of Orléans, Duke of Guise in 1899.
- Jacques d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans (1880–1881).
- Louise d'Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1882–1958). She married Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in 1907. Through her daughter Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, she was the grandmother of King Juan Carlos I of Spain.
- Ferdinand d'Orléans, Prince of Orléans, Duke of Montpensier (1884–1924). He married Marie Isabelle Gonzales de Olañeta et Ibaretta, Marchioness of Valdeterrazo in 1921.
Restoration of French monarchy[edit | edit source]
In 1873, anticipating a restoration of the monarchy by the largely monarchist National Assembly that had been elected following the fall of Napoleon III, the Count of Paris withdrew his claims to the French throne in favour of the legitimist claimant, Henri V, best known as the Comte de Chambord. It was assumed by most that the Count of Paris was Chambord's heir, and would thus be able to succeed to the throne upon the childless Chambord's death, reuniting the two claims that had divided French monarchists since 1830. However, Chambord's refusal to recognize the tricolor as the French flag sabotaged hopes of a restoration, and Chambord died in 1883 without ever specifically recognizing his Orléanist rival as his heir.
Upon the Count of Chambord's death, the Count of Paris was recognized by most monarchists as Philippe VII of France. This succession was disputed by the Carlist descendants of the Bourbon kings of Spain, who argued that being descended directly from Louis XIV their claim was greater than that of the Orléanists'; however, this argument pointedly ignored Philip V of Spain's renunciation of his and his descendants' claim to the French throne pursuant to the Treaty of Utrecht.
See also[edit | edit source]
|width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Louis-Philippe I Template:S-tul |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="2"| Succeeded by
Philippe VIII |- |- |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Henri V Template:S-tul Template:S-roy |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Heir to the Throne
as Heir apparent
13 July 1842 – 24 February 1848 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Robert, Duke of Chartres |- |}
bs:Filip Orléanski ca:Felip d'Orleans (comte de París) de:Louis Philippe Albert d’Orléans, comte de Paris es:Luis Felipe IV de Orleans fr:Philippe d'Orléans (1838-1894) hr:Filip VII., kralj Francuza it:Luigi Filippo Alberto d'Orléans nl:Philippe van Orléans (1838-1894) ja:フィリップ (パリ伯) pl:Filip Orleański, hrabia Paryża pt:Luís Filipe, Conde de Paris ro:Prințul Filip, Conte de Paris ru:Луи-Филипп, граф Парижский sv:Ludvig Filip, greve av Paris vec:Luigi Filippo Alberto d'Orléans zh:腓力七世