Robert C. Newton (June 2, 1840 - June 7, 1877) was a noted lawyer and Confederate General in Arkansas during the American Civil War. He is most remember for his involvement in the Brooks-Baxter War. Robert C. Newton Camp # 197 of Little Rock was named for him and was the oldest continually run camp of the Arkansas Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, as well as the oldest continually active camp west of the Mississippi River.
Born in Little Rock, Arkansas. Son of Thomas W. And Eliza Allen Newton. His father had been a state legislature and a representative in the 28th Congress. Newton was also the grandson of Col. John Allen, who was killed leading his regiment at the battle of River Rasin January 22, 1813.
Newton was educated at the Western Military Institute in White House, Tennessee. He studied Literature at the University of Nashville, Tennessee and studied mathematics and languages with a private tutor. He was admitted to the bar in 1860 and practiced law in Little Rock. He joined the Confederate army as a private in 1861 and was promoted lieutenant and assistant adjutant-general on the staff of Thomas C. Hindman. He took part in the battles of Woodsonville, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Prairie Grove, Helana, Little Rock, and Jenkin's Ferry. He was regularly promoted, becoming colonel of the 5th Arkansas Cavalry, and was acting brigadier general in command of the Arkansas state troops at the close of the war. He was a commissioner from Arkansas to authorities at Washington in 1866 to secure representation for the state in congress.
He arrested Elisha Baxter for treason during the Civil War and brought him to Little Rock, the state capital. After the Civil War, when Elisha Baxter was governor, Baxter appointed newton Major General in charge of the state militia. During the coup by Joseph Brooks known as the Brooks-Baxter War, Newton was the commander of the Baxter militia. After the war, Governor Baxter appointed Newton as state treasurer..