Rodney R. Crowley (November 12, 1836 Mount Holly, Rutland County, Vermont - 1913) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.
He was the son of Rufus Crowley and Parmelia Crowley. The family removed in 1841 to Yorkshire, New York, and in 1848 to Randolph, NY. He was admitted to the bar in 1861. He was the Justice of the Peace in Randolph, NY, in 1861, 1866 and 1872.
He fought in the American Civil War. He enrolled first on August 17, 1861, as a private, and finished the war as a captain. He was wounded in the Battle of Seven Pines and in the Battle of Gettysburg, and discharged for disability on November 6, 1863.
On September 3, 1861, he married Jane Hobert Mussey (b. 1835), and their children were Frederick Bowen Crowley (b. 1865) and Mary G. Crowley (b. 1872).
In 1867, he was appointed a Commissioner to inquire into and ascertain what damages had been done to the lands embraced in the Cattaraugus, Allegany and Oil Spring Reservation by trespassers, and submitted his report to the State Senate in 1868.
He was Supervisor of the Town of Randolph in 1868 and 1869. From 1869 to 1871, he was Collector of Internal Revenue for the 31st District of New York. He was a Trustee of the Village of Randolph in 1874.
In 1875, he was elected on the Democratic ticket an Inspector of State Prisons, and was in office from January 1876 to February 1877. The office was abolished by a constitutional amendment in 1876, and the three last Inspectors of State Prisons - George Wagener, Crowley and Robert H. Anderson - left office upon the appointment of Louis D. Pilsbury as Superintendent of State Prisons.
On October 14, 1893, he was appointed Deputy Superintendent of Banks.
- Journal of the New York State Senate (1868)
-  Military history, with portrait photo [gives burial place St. Patrick's Cemetery in Randolph]
- Crowley Succeeds Creed in NYT on October 15, 1893
-  Bio in Randaolph history, at Painted Hills
-  Cemetery transcriptions [gives burial place Randolph Rural Cemetery]
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