Samuel Chamberlain
[[Image:File:Samuel E. Chamberlain.png|center|200px|border]]Brig. Gen. Samuel Chamberlain
Personal Information
Born: November 27, 1829
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Died: 1908
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Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
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Branch: United States Army
Union Army
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Rank: Bvt. Brigadier General
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  • 1st Massachusetts Cavalry
  • 5th Massachusetts Cavalry
Battles: Mexican-American War
American Civil War
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Samuel E. Chamberlain (November 27, 1829–1908) was a soldier, painter, and author who travelled throughout the American Southwest and Mexico.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Chamberlain was born in Center Harbor, New Hampshire and soon afterward moved to Boston, where he spent most of his childhood. In 1844 at age 15, he left home without permission to go to Illinois. Two years later he was to join the Illinois Second Volunteer Regiment, then headed to Texas for the Mexican-American War. In San Antonio Chamberlain joined the regular army and became part of the First United States Dragoons. He fought at the Battle of Buena Vista and several other operations. In 1849 he was found to be a deserter when he returned home to Boston to raise a family. He and his wife, Mary, had three children.

In the Civil War[edit | edit source]

Samuel Chamberlain was also involved in some less savory aspects of the Texas/Mexico border disputes. Most notably, he rode with the infamous Glanton gang, under the command of John Glanton, and was involved in the taking of scalps under highly questionable circumstances. During the Civil War, he commanded the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry, an all African American unit, and rose to the rank of brigadier general.

Later life[edit | edit source]

After settling in Massachusetts with his family, Chamberlain became well-known for his charming paintings, which consist largely of landscapes and battle scenes concerning the Mexican-American war. A large collection is held at the San Jacinto Museum of History Paintings in San Antonio. Chamberlain is also the author of a harrowing account of his early adventures entitled My Confession: The Recollections of a Rogue. It was the primary source for author Cormac McCarthy's 1985 novel Blood Meridian.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • Goetzmann, William H.: "Sam Chamberlain's Mexican War: The San Jacinto Museum of History Paintings"
  • Chamberlain, Samuel E.: "My Confession: Recollections of a Rogue."

External links[edit | edit source]

es:Samuel Chamberlain

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