The United States South Atlantic Squadron was a component of the United States Navy following the American Civil War until the early 1900s.
A logical outgrowth of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, the Squadron was composed of various ships which patrolled the Eastern coast of South America.
This area of responsibility was assigned to the newly-formed United States Atlantic Fleet in 1906.
- Charles Henry Davis (June 1867 – July 1869)
- Joseph Lanman (? –1872)
- James Hooker Strong (1873–1875)
- Winfield Scott Schley (November 1899–1901)
- Benjamin Lamberton (1902) 
- French Ensor Chadwick (1903-1904)
- Charles Dwight Sigsbee (1904–1905)
- All references from Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships except where noted.