File:Jackson headquarters.png

The Colonel Lewis T. Moore house in Winchester, Virginia, which served as the Valley District Headquarters of LtGen T. J. "Stonewall" Jackson (photo 2007).

The Valley District was an organization of the Confederate States Army and subsection of the Department of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War, responsible for operations between the Blue Ridge Mountains and Allegheny Mountains of Virginia. It was created on October 22, 1861, and was surrendered by the authority of Gen Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.[1]

Background[edit | edit source]

The Valley District was created to administer various home guard and military units and armies which operated in the Shenandoah Valley. The first forces organized in this area prior to the creation of the Valley District were the Forces In and About Harper's Ferry, Virginia, which existed from April 18, 1861, to June 15, 1861. The Forces In and About Harper's Ferry were originally under the Virginia State Militia, and were placed under three commanders during that time. MajGen Kenton Harper (Virginia State Militia) commanded from April 18 to April 28, then command fell to Col Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (Virginia State Militia) from April 28 to May 24, and finally the forces were transferred to the Confederate States Army and BGen Joseph E. Johnston from May 24 to June 15, 1861.

From June 15 to October 22, military organization in the Shenandoah Valley came under local leadership until the Department of Northern Virginia. It was created on October 22, 1861, as Johnston prepared defenses in Northern Virginia. The Valley District was defined as the area between the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Alleghenies and extended south from the Potomac River to the vicinity of Staunton, Virginia and covered an area of roughly five thousand square miles.[2]


Three districts were created under the Department of Northern Virginia were:

  • The Aquia District
    • First commander: MajGen Theophilus H. Holmes
    • Period of existence: October 22, 1861 to April 18, 1862
  • The Potomac District
  • The Valley District

While the Aquia and Potomac Districts ceased to exist by the spring of 1862, the need remained for military organization in the Valley throughout the remainder of the war.

1864[edit | edit source]

During 1864, while under the command of LtGen Jubal Early, the Valley District operated its own independent army, the Army of the Valley, which was essentially composed of the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. The Second Corps was detached from Lee's main army to invade, threaten and assault Washington, D.C., on the hopes of drawing forces away from General Grant's forces, and thereby relieving pressure on his siege around Richmond, and Petersburg, Virginia.

Command history[edit | edit source]

Commander From To
LtGen Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson October 22, 1861 December 29, 1862
BrigGen William E. "Grumble" Jones December 29, 1862 May 28, 1863
MajGen Isaac R. Trimble May 28, 1863 July 21, 1863
BGen John D. Imboden July 21, 1863 December 15, 1863
MajGen Jubal A. Early December 15, 1863 March 9, 1864
BGen John D. Imboden March 9, 1864 May 4, 1864
MajGen John C. Breckinridge May 4, 1864 June 13, 1864
LtGen Jubal A. Early June 13, 1864 March 29, 1865
MajGen Lunsford L. Lomax March 29, 1865 April 9, 1865

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Weigley, p. 489.
  2. Tanner, p. 37

References[edit | edit source]

  • Tanner, Robert G., Stonewall in the Valley: Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign, Spring 1862, Stackpole Books, 2002. ISBN 0-8117-2064-0
  • Weigley, Russell F., A Great Civil War: A Military and Political History, 1861-1865
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