William Brimage Bate
[[Image:File:William B. Bate.jpg|center|200px|border]]William B. Bate
Personal Information
Born: October 7, 1826(1826-10-07)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: March 9, 1905 (aged 78)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname:
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Confederate States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Confederate States Army United States Army
Confederate States Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: First Lieutenant (USA)
Major General (CSA)
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: Army of Tennessee
Commands: Bate's Division
Battles: American Civil War
Awards:
Relations:
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William Brimage Bate (October 7, 1826 – March 9, 1905) was the governor of Tennessee from 1883 to 1887 and subsequently a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1887 until his death. He served in the Confederate forces in the American Civil War, attaining the rank of major general and commanding a division in the Army of Tennessee.[1]

Early life and career[edit | edit source]

William Bate was born in Bledsoe's Lick (now Castalian Springs, Tennessee). He was a clerk for a steamboat company and edited a newspaper. He served in the Mexican War (1846–48) as a first lieutenant in the 3rd Tennessee Volunteer Infantry.

He served in the Tennessee House of Representatives from 1849 to 1851. He graduated from law school in Lebanon, Tennessee in 1852 and was admitted to the bar in that year, establishing his practice in Gallatin, Tennessee. He became district attorney general for the Nashville district in 1854.

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Following the passage of Tennessee's ordinance of secession and the outbreak of the Civil War, Bate became the colonel of the 2nd Tennessee Infantry. He first saw combat action in July 1861 at the First Battle of Manassas in the reserve brigade of Theophilus Holmes in the Confederate Army of the Potomac.

Returning to the Western Theater later in 1861, Bate led the 2nd Tennessee in the Army of Mississippi at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862. He was wounded severely in the leg during the first day's fighting, and an Army surgeon told him it would be necessary to amputate his leg to save his life. Bate drew his pistol, threatening to shoot the surgeon, and kept his leg. Although he survived, he was incapacitated for several months, and walked with a limp the rest of his life[2]. He was promoted to brigadier general on October 2, 1862, subsequently commanded a brigade of infantry in numerous battles and campaigns of the Army of Tennessee, including the Tullahoma Campaign and the Battle of Chickamauga.[1]

He distinguished himself in the Chattanooga Campaign and was rewarded with a promotion to major general to rank from February 24, 1864. That summer, he commanded a division in the Atlanta Campaign and the 1865 Carolinas Campaign. Bate and his men surrendered at Bennett Place near Greensboro, North Carolina. During the war, he was wounded three times and had six horses shot from beneath him.[1]

Postbellum career[edit | edit source]

After the defeat of the Confederacy in 1865, Bate returned to the practice of law; as was the case of many prominent ex-Confederates, full civil rights were eventually restored to him. He was elected governor as a Democrat in 1882 over the incumbent Republican, Alvin Hawkins, and re-elected in 1884 and is credited with having found a satisfactory solution to the debt problems of the state.

His subsequent four elections to the U.S. Senate were by the Tennessee General Assembly, the method of choosing U.S. Senators prior to the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1887, 1893, 1899, and 1905, one of only three Tennessee senators to be elected to more than three terms and one of two prior to the adoption of popular election to the office. As a Senator, he served as the chairman of the Committee on the Improvement of the Mississippi River and Its Tributaries in the 53rd Congress and the chairman of the Committee on Public Health and the National Quarantine in two later Congresses.

He died only five days into his fourth term, in Washington, D.C.. His funeral was held in the Senate chamber of the United States Capitol, and he is buried in Nashville's Mount Olivet Cemetery.[1]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

Template:Start box Template:S-off |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Alvin Hawkins |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Governor of Tennessee
1883-1887 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Robert Love Taylor |- |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States Senate Template:U.S. Senator box |}

Template:Governors of Tennessee Template:USSenTN

de:William Brimage Bate sv:William B. Bate

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